When to Bathe and Bloodlet: The Oldest Text Printed in Norway is a Fortune-Telling Book

When to Bathe and Bloodlet: The Oldest Text Printed in Norway is a Fortune-Telling Book


The year is 1643. King Christian IV and his officials have succeeded in “Dane-ifying” Norway: Runes have been replaced by Latin letters and Old Norse by Danish.

Parish priest Christen Steffensen Bang in Romedal in Eastern Norway persuades the 33-year-old Danish book printer Tyge Nielssøn to move his business northwards from Copenhagen to Norway and Christiania (Oslo).

Bang’s motivation is to get his own religious scripts printed. The Danish book printer receives 200 riksdaler (dollars) and 300 “rice” paper (1 “rice” equals 20 books, each containing 500 sheets of paper) in compensation.

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In 1643 when Tyge Nielssøn establishes himself, there are no other printing houses in Christiania. Whoever wants to get something pressed must travel to Denmark or other European countries further south, something very costly and time consuming.

Example of a 1568 printers - At the left in the foreground, a "puller" removes a printed sheet from the press. The "beater" to his right is inking the forme. In the background, compositors are setting type.

The first Nielssøn prints are two small theological writings. Then he decided to produce the Almanac for 1644 with the full title: “En Ny Allmanach paa det Aar efter Jesu Christi Fødsel 1644. Christiania Aff Tyge Nielssøn” (English: “A New Almanac for the Year after the Birth of Jesus Christ 1644. Christiania by Tyge Nielssøn”).

Fortune-telling books were certain sales successes and far more lucrative than theological writings.

Postcard ‘At the Fortune Teller.’ ( National Library of Norway )

Movements of the Sun and the Moon

It was in Denmark’s interest that Norwegians could read and write Danish. In the middle of the 1700s, there existed virtually no illiteracy in Norway, and already in the year 1644, a majority of Christiania’s population could read and write.

Image of the first book ever published in Norway, the almanac “Allmanach paa det aar efter Jesu Christi Fødsel 1644”, published by Tyge Nielssøn in 1644.

The town and its 4,000 inhabitants had little knowledge about writings other than prayer and hymnbooks. For Tyge Nielssøn to survive he had to press affordable books that attracted public interest.

The 48-page almanac only measures 10 x 7.5 centimeters (4 x 3 inches) and contains an overview of the days of the year. In addition, there is an overview of the movements of the sun and the moon, planets and stars, and it provides references to passages in the Bible.

It also gives information about when it is advantageous to take a bath and perform bloodletting.

The last part of the almanac contains an overview of important market days in Denmark and Norway, as well as a Prognosticon, a weather forecast for the coming year.

The book printer must have had access to many astronomical symbols because the almanac is filled with them.

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Updated version of the 1644 fortune-telling book. Note the variety of astronomic symbols.

Parish priest and sponsor Christen Steffensen Bang who wanted to print his own religious manuscript “Postilla Catechetica,” was annoyed that Tyge Nielssøn instead chose to press an almanac. He took Nielssøn to court, and on April 3, 1644 the book printer had to hand over all his printing equipment to Bang.

Today, only one copy of Norway’s first printed book still exists – owned and stored by the National Library of Norway.

Tyge Nielssøn’s stay in Christiania was short, but he left a permanent mark on Norwegian history with his little fortune-telling book.

Pages within the 1644 edition of the fortune-telling book. ( National Library of Norway )

The reader will find in this book sketches of experiences among gypsies of different nations by one who speaks their language and is conversant with their ways. These embrace descriptions of the justly famed musical gypsies of St. Petersburg and Moscow, by whom the writer was received literally as a brother of the Austrian gypsies, especially those composing the first Romany orchestra of that country, selected by Liszt, and who played for their friend as they declared they had never played before for any man and also of the English, Welsh, Oriental, and American brethren of the dark blood and the tents. I believe that the account of interviews with American gypsies will possess at least the charm of novelty, but little having as yet been written on this extensive and very interesting branch of our nomadic population. To these I have added a characteristic letter in the gypsy language, with translation by a lady, legendary stories, poems, and finally the substance of two papers, one of which I read before the British Philological Society, and the other before p. iv the Oriental Congress at Florence, in 1878. Those who study ethnology will be interested to learn from these papers, subsequently combined in an article in the &ldquoSaturday Review,&rdquo that I have definitely determined the existence in India of a peculiar tribe of gypsies, who are par eminence the Romanys of the East, and whose language is there what it is in England, the same in vocabulary, and the chief slang of the roads. This I claim as a discovery, having learned it from a Hindoo who had been himself a gypsy in his native land. Many writers have suggested the Jats, Banjars, and others as probable ancestors or type-givers of the race but the existence of the Rom himself in India, bearing the distinctive name of Rom, has never before been set forth in any book or by any other writer. I have also given what may in reason be regarded as settling the immensely disputed origin of the word &ldquoZingan,&rdquo by the gypsies&rsquo own account of its etymology, which was beyond all question brought by them from India.

In addition to this I have given in a chapter certain conversations with men of note, such as Thomas Carlyle, Lord Lytton, Mr. Roebuck, and others, on gypsies an account of the first and family names and personal characteristics of English and American Romanys, prepared for me by a very famous old gypsy and finally a chapter on the &ldquoShelta Thari,&rdquo or Tinkers&rsquo Language, a very curious jargon or language, never mentioned before by any writer except Shakespeare. What this tongue may be, beyond the p. v fact that it is purely Celtic, and that it does not seem to be identical with any other Celtic dialect, is unknown to me. I class it with the gypsy, because all who speak it are also acquainted with Romany.

For an attempt to set forth the tone or feeling in which the sketches are conceived, I refer the reader to the Introduction.

When I published my &ldquoEnglish Gypsies and their Language,&rdquo a reviewer declared that I &ldquohad added nothing to our&rdquo (that is, his) &ldquoknowledge on the subject.&rdquo As it is always pleasant to meet with a man of superior information, I said nothing. And as I had carefully read everything ever printed on the Romany, and had given a very respectable collection of what was new to me as well as to all my Romany rye colleagues in Europe, I could only grieve to think that such treasures of learning should thus remain hidden in the brain of one who had never at any time or in any other way manifested the possession of any remarkable knowledge. Nobody can tell in this world what others may know, but I modestly suggest that what I have set forth in this work, on the origin of the gypsies, though it may be known to the reviewer in question, has at least never been set before the public by anybody but myself, and that it deserves further investigation. No account of the tribes of the East mentions the Rom or Trablūs, and yet I have personally met with and thoroughly examined one of them. In like manner, the &ldquoShelta Thari&rdquo has remained till the present day entirely p. vi unknown to all writers on either the languages or the nomadic people of Great Britain. If we are so ignorant of the wanderers among us, and at our very doors, it is not remarkable that we should be ignorant of those of India.

When to Bathe and Bloodlet: The Oldest Text Printed in Norway is a Fortune-Telling Book - History

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It creates the desire to read and the taste for that which is best. It is practical. It is safe. It saves both time and money. It costs but a trifle and is easily secured. TAe CHILDREN'S HOUR Aas proved to be Me most delightful and trie most-useful present I /vave ever given.It satisfies* tAe children and Me parents too- Santa Claus 75000 POVNDS OF PAPER—37*4 TONS— FOR THE SIXTH EDITION were ordered before The Children's Hour was ten months old. Orders are now coming in at a rate indicating that even this large edition may be exhausted before Christmas. If ordered now a set will be reserved for Christmas delivery and you will be certain to receive it in time. DON'T DISAPPOINT THE CHILDREN Send for information NOW Sample Stories Sample Pictures FREE We will also send valuable list of 700 of the best stories and poems for children by 250 authors and special offer by which you can secure The Children's Hour if you lay aside only seven cents a day. Send name and address on postal card or sign and return this blank. Name. A dd ress. McC 12 HOUGHTON MIFFLIN CO. 17 [pgbrk] McClure's—The Marketplace of the World The Trip Around the World is looked upon as an essential part of the education of the scholar, the politician and the man of business. '' If you have imagination if the world invites you if you are not content to have seen only the four walls of your home, then you must travel." If time is an obstacle— If money is an obstacle— If family ties is an obstacle— - ¦— If health is an obstacle then the lU^^ELOQXI^3 ON H0LM35 Are What You Want 250,000 Miles of Travel Through 30 Cities and Countries Cost $250,000 and 20 Years' Work 3,500 Pages of Descriptive Text 4,000 Half-Tone Etchings 30 Full-Page Color Plates XTOTHING approaching this work was ever attempted before. In a series of splendid journeys Mr. Holmes unfolds before your eyes the beauties of travel in Foreign Lands, with such narrative skill, with so many strange experiences, incidents and humorous episodes and so admirably illustrated by over 4,000 photographs taken on the spot by Mr Holmes himself, as to carry you in spirit over 22,000 miles of travel, through thirty of the most interesting countries and cities of the world 18 [pgbrk] McClure's—The Marketplace of the World AN IMPERIAL PROCESSION For the Boy or Girl at School or College THINK what a tour of the world would mean to them with the world - famous traveler, E. Burton Holmes, as companion and guide. Bacon says that travel is a necessary part of a liberal education. The Burton Holmes Travelogues would afford your boy and girl all the pleasures and education of travel, and will enable them to talk with confidence and intelligence about foreign cities and countries and their peoples as they are to-day. The New York State Board of Education and Superintendents of Schools everywhere approve the work. For the Woman at Home Splendid entertainment is afforded by the Travelogues. Thirty delightful tours into the most interesting cities and countries of the world, viewing the shops and thoroughfares, the customs and costumes of the people, historical places and gorgeous scenery -—in truth, the great outside world is brought to the very fireside of the woman at home. It has been truly said that nothing will so well equip one for conversation as a speaking acquaintance with peoples of foreign countries. Therefore in a social way the Travelogues are invaluable. For the Busy Man Every man to be well informed must have a knowledge of foreign countries and cities as they are to-day. Successful men acknowledge this to be a fact. The easiest way HOPi HOPEFULS the best way—and the least expensive way to acquire this knowledge is to secure the Burton Holmes Travelogues. They will acquaint you with over four hun dred rulers, diplomats and prominent people, as well as over eight hundred types of the common people, showing you their dress and manners, their home and their business life, as well as their art and architecture—in short, Mr. Holmes shows you and tells you Dec. McClure's McClure's Tourists' Agency the very things you would want to see and know about if you could 44 East 23d Street, New York City BASHA OF TANGIER pack up and take these journeys yourself. /T would cost you $50,000 and many years of your time to take these journeys but don't take our word for it—Write Us To-Day and we will send you a beautifully illustrated booklet containing sample pages and color plates—a full description of the work, and tell you how you may secure the Travelogues for a few cents a day. Address. 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»0. W. H. MOORE MAGAZINE I SUBSCRIPTION AGENCY iconducted under One management fob 30 yearn Brockport New York You Want Magazines Or you wouldn't be reading McClure's. You want the most you can get for your money—or you wouldn't be reading McClure's. If you will subscribe for your magazines through my agency, you will obtain the lowest possible prices. This year's subscription bargains are greater than ever before in all my thirty years' experience. If you want references—ask Dun and Bradstreets, or the publishers of McClure's Magazine—or any other publisher in America. Send to-day for MY FREE CATALOGUE It will save you time, money and trouble to place all your magazine orders with one agency instead of with several publishers. W. H. MOORE, Brockport, N. Y. 20 [pgbrk] McClure's—The Marketplace of the World Beacon Lights of History 'The Complete Set of 15 Volumes Sent Free for Your Examination Less than half price with McClure's Magazine IN " Beacon Lights of History," by the celebrated historian, Dr. John Lord, we offer to McClure readers at a low special price the greatest and the most popular historical series ever written. A Panorama of the Centuries The set of 15 beautiful volumes literally coveis the centuries. Dr. Lord introduces the reader to a majestic fassemblage of the greatest characters oi history. Great fenen and women are your companions, and you are introduced in turn io Confucius, Caesar, Cleopatra, Charlemagne, Cardinal Richelieu, Crom-|vell and hundreds of others. Space permits us to print a brief synopsis of only Volume 8. "Beacon Lights of History" is prized and com-nended by such noted scholars and educators as President Eliot of larvard, Dr. Andrew White of Cornell, Rev. Newell Dwight Hillis, i>.D., and Dr. Patton, ex-President of Princeton. The stupendous original cost of producing this great work with lie many superb illustrations made it necessary to sell the original sub-:ription edition at an average price of $45.00 per set. We have secured at a great bargain the entire remainder of the latest iition in 15 splendid volumes, and can offer them to McClure readers only $10.50 for the set in cloth binding, including a year's subscrip-on to'McClure's Magazine. VOL. VIII.—GREAT RULERS ALFRED THE GREAT: The Saxons in England. QUEEN ELIZABETH : Woman as a Sovereign. HENRY OF NAVARRE: The Huguenots. GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS: Thirty Years' War. CARDINAL RICHELIEU: Absolutism. OLIVER CROMWELL : English Revolution. LOUIS XIV: The French Monarchy. LOUIS XV: Causes of the French Revolution. PETER THE GREAT: His Services to Russia. FREDERICK THE GREAT: The Prussian Power. Seeing is Believing Nothing but inspection and reading the volumes can convey an lequate idea of the value of this great set of books in your home. Towing this, we will send the complete set for examination, transporta- n charges paid. If you retain the books they will cost you less than 7c per day. The new lition is printed from the original plates on splendid paper, with 174 superb illustrations, the frontispiece of ch volume being in colors. The volumes are 8'4 by 6 inches in size and contain an average of 400 pages each. The binding is a rich dark green c cfloth, title and facsimile signature on each volume stamped in gold—a set of books that we know will please you. pecial hristmas Her Send the Coupon—no money, and we will ship the complete set of 15 volumes, prepaid, and enter your subscription to McClure's Magazine for one year—from expiration, if you are already a subscriber. If you desire, the books and maga zine may be sent to different addresses. If the books are entirely satisfacti to you after examination, you remit the small monthly payments named in the coupon. If the books are not satisfactory to you, send them k at our expense. Should you return the books no charge will be made for the num-s of the magazine delivered. Prompt acceptance gives you the opportunity of mak- two ideal Christmas gifts—"Beacon Lights" and McClure's Magazine, and uires only $1.00 of your Christmas money. Sign and mail coupon to-day and ^ advantage of this great club offer. Do it now—before It slips your mind. r 12 McC. McClure's riistory Club New York Please send me on approval, express paid, a complete set, 15 volumes, of Lord's "Beacon Lights of History" and enter my subscription to " McClure's Magazine " for one year. If I find the books satisfactory, I will send you $1.00 within 10 days and $2.00 per month until $19.50 is paid. If the books are not satisfactory, I will return them within 10 days at your expense. Name. Address. '' State. If you prefer % leather binding, change $19.50 to $25.00. cGLURE'S HISTORY CLUB 44-60 E. 23d St., NEW YORK 21 [pgbrk] McClure's—The Marketplace of the World ST NICHOLAS FOR BOYS AND GIRLS THERE is just one great magazine for the children —ST. NICHOLAS. DO YOU REALIZE WHAT IT WILL DO FOR YO UR CHILDREN? It educates— that is one thing it does, and another is that it implants high standards of living, helps to make the children grow up with strong, sane ideas. ST. NICHOLAS IN 1909 Colored pictures by W. W. Denslow, illustrator of " The Wizard of Oz," in every number. Serial stories by Frances Hodgson Burnett, Ralph Henry Barbour, and other well-known writers. " Historic Boyhoods " is a series alone worth the price of the magazine, and another is Rebecca Harding Davis's talks on timely subjects. Children contribute to the St. Nicholas League and get prizes every month for essays, poems, drawings, photographs, etc. " Nature and Science " is a department which interests and educates. Mothers will appreciate the pages "For Very Little Folk." And there is plenty of fun in every number. |3r° Whatever magazines you get for yourself, surely include St. Nicholas for the boys and girls. Subscription price, $3.00 a year. Begin with November *r*t issue of the neiv volume. December is the splendid rhVil/mn* number. Subscribe through dealers, subscription agent"or tht jJUOLlSiltliSt THE CENTURY CO. union square new york 22 [pgbrk] McClure's—The Marketplace of the World Copyright, 1«U5, by lie W. C. Ward. AUGUSTUS SAINT-GAUDENS i Readers of McClure s who enjoyed the letters of Augustus Saint-Gaudens, printed in the October and November McClure's, will be interested in knowing that the PERSONAL REMINISCENCES OF AUGUSTUS SAINT-GAUDENS WILL APPEAR IN THE CENTURY MAGAZINE BEGINNING WITH THE JANUARY NUMBER In his last years Mr. Saint-Gaudens wrote and dictated an autobiography, rich in its descriptions and anecdotes, and characteristically modest concerning his own distinguished accomplishments. Extracts from this remarkable work will be given in The Century. The January number of The Century will contain the first article in this series—a remarkably vivid account of life in New York in the Civil War period, when young Saint-Gaudens was an apprentice and an ambitious student of art. As a picture of city life from the point of view of a youth it is unique in literature. These articles will appear from time to time in The Century. Do not miss the first one in January. The Subscription price of The Century Magazine is $4.00 a year. All dealers, agents or the publishers take subscriptions. The Century Co. : Union Square : New York The Century in 1909 ABRAHAM LINCOLN Celebrating the centennial of his birth —unpublished documents from his pen, etc. I GROVER CLEVELAND * Articles about him by the men who p knew him best. 1 QUEEN VICTORIA If Letters from the wife of the American r minister to England in the forties. 1 AUGUSTUS SAINT-GAUDENS J His autobiography begins in January. PADEREWSKI J and other great musicians furnish in->| terviews. .1 HELEN KELLER n writes for The Century. See " My Dreams " in November. ANDREW CARNEGIE is writing on the Tariff for The Century. (See December.) ALICE HEGAN RICE the author of "Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch," contributes a novel, a " Mr. Opp." Begins in December. 1 THOMPSON SETON vj who wrote " The Biography of a Griz-zly"forThe Century, is writing a great fox story. Begins in December. DR. S. WEIR MITCHELL Thomas Nelson Page, Edith Wharton, Kate Douglas Wiggin, Jack London, "Frances Little," Ruth McEnery Stuart, are among the story writers. FAMOUS PAINTINGS by American artists reproduced in full color, will be a feature of 1909. 23 [pgbrk] McClure's—The Marketplace of the World A Great Dictionary Bargain for Christmas THE NEW AMERICAN ENCYCLOPEDIC DICTIONARY CA rpnfc Secures this Great OV Reference Library This magnificent reference work, costing three-quarters of a million dollars to produce, is a dictionary and encyclopedia combined. In fullness of definitions, number of words defined and accuracy, it is superior to reference works selling for five times its price. It has been recently revised and enlarged by a staff7 of American editors. Its five big volumes contain an inexhaustible mine of information on every subject, defining 250,000 words. Our bargain offer takes off two=thirds the price, and we pass the work on to you at less than one-third the price of any other first-class reference work. We send the complete set to your home for examination without charge, and if you decide to keep it, a small first payment secures the set. $5.00 Atlas FREE The Modern Atlas of the World sells regularly for #5.00. It contains more than 100 maps in colors. There is a map of each state, territory and country. It gives the population of all cities of importance. This invaluable Atlas is bound in red cloth and is 10 x 13 inches in size. We will send it to you, absolutely free, if your order for the encyclopedic Dictionary is received before Dec. 20th. Our Christmas Offer FREE FOR EXAMINATION Sign and return the attached coupon, indicating the binding desired, and the complete set of five volumes and the Atlas of the World will be sent, transportation charges paid, for examination. If you find the Dictionary and the Atlas satisfactory, you pay for the Dictionary only in small monthly rr ,T

r ) j- payments. If on examination you Half Leather Binding K. ' , . . 1 do not consider the books an exceptional bargain at the special price, you may return them at our expense. Mail the Coupon Today Dir* This is only a limited edition, and will not last long. You must reply promptly to take advantage of the bargain and secure the Atlas free. D. A. McKINLAY and CO., 44 E. 23d St., N. Y. Five Massive Volumes There are five volumes, each one foot tall, and strongly and handsomely bound in three styles of binding. The set contains 5,000 pages and thousands of illustrations. It is up-to-date in every particular. It is absolutely reliable the names of its editors are among the greatest in every field of research. Asa dictionary, it defines 2s,000 more words than any other dictionary. As an encyclopedia, it treats 50,000 subjects, covering the whole field of human knowledge. MARK AND MAIL THIS COUPON D. A. McKinlay and Co., New York: You may send me on approval for 10 days one set of the NEW AMERICAN ENCYCLOPEDIC DICTIONARY, bound in the style indicated by having the *' X " beside. Full Sheep Binding. Regular Price $64.00. If I retain the books, I will pay you $1.00 after examination, and $2.00 per month for 12 months. Half Morocco Binding. Regular Price $56.00. If I retain the books, I will pay you $1.00 after examination and $1.50 per month for 13 months. Library Cloth Binding. Regular Price $42.00. If I retain the books, I will pay you 50 cents after examina-tion and $1.25 per month for 12 months.___ You are to send the set of five volumes and the Atlas of the World, delivery charges paid. If not satisfactory, I will return books and Atlas within 10 days after delivery, at your expense for return charges. Name. Address . State____ M. 12-8. 24 [pgbrk] McClure's—The Marketplace of the World A TRAIN LOAD OF BOOKS I Must Sell Every One of These Christmas. Prices Millions of Books—Thousands of Titles No such aggregation of Book Bargains was ever offered in the world. Read every word of this advertisement—get my bargain list—buy quick or you'll miss your life's chance for a library at the price of paper and printing. Binding free. The panic forced many book publishers to the wall. Others had to have money to avoid failure. Result: I bought tremendous quantities of new standard books and library sets at my own price, and am now closing them out quick at 10 cents to 50 cents on the dollar. Books Shipped on Approval subject to examination in your home before paying for them, and returnable at my expense if not satisfactory. The following sample prices give but a faint idea of the thousands of bargains offered in my big free Bargain List,which I will mail you on receipt of coupon or postal card request. Sample Prices—New Books o^wSSoSffrmil I 4 r:**4:**—-v"Gre My Price, 38c. List includes"fighting chance," ±cmig %0opyrafjm rlutiun "half a rogue," "fair god," "brass bowl," "mayor's wife," "the yoke," "the spoilers," and hundreds of others at from 38c to 45c.___ International Encyclopedia of Reference, Half Morocco. Encyclopedia Britannica, Half Morocco Kings of Platform and Pulpit . Dante'e Inferno, Dore illustrations . Dumas' Works, 7 vols. Hugo's Works, 7 vols. • . Shakespeare, 39 vols. People a Popular Atlas . Booklovers' Science Set, 5 vole. . . Barnes' Bible Encyclopedia, 3 vols. . Famous Pictures. Eugene Field's Poetical Works, 4 vols Law of Psychic Phenomena—Hudson (A hundred other New Thought Books) Bird Neighbors. The Christy Girl. Little Women, Reproduction of $5.00 Edition Thousands of Miscellaneous Books and Sets Res.Price My Price Reg.Price My Price Dictionary of American Politics . . . S 2.00 $ 0.98 Stevenson's Works, 10 vols. 20.00 6.80 DeMaupassant's Works, 17 vole. 51.00 15.80 Voltaire's Works, St. Hubert's Guild Ed., 43 vols. 124.70 47.30 International Science Library, 16 vols. . . 24.50 7.60 Memoirs of Madame DuBarry . 4.25 1.15 Library of Modern Cooking, 5 vols. . . . 8.50 2.95 Muhlbach's Works, 18 vols. 27.00 9.76 Corelli's Works, 5 vols. Half Leather . . 7.60 2.90 Hume's History, 5 vols. Half Leather . . 7.60 2.90 History of the World, 2 vols. Half Leather . 8.00 2.90 Teachers' Cyclopedia, 4 vols. Half Leather . 24.00 6.50 Koran of Mohammed, Half Leather . . 2.60 .56 Napoleon's Notes on History . 4.70 1.20 Longfellow, complete. 2.00 .86 Makersof History,32voIs.Harper and Bros.Half LeatherEd.48.00 14.40 Pepy's Diary, 4 vols. 12.00 4.80 Robinson Crusoe. Art Edition . 2.50 .78 (48.00 <9.75 36.00 9.76 2.75 .95 6.00 .90 5.25 1.78 6.25 1.78 13.60 6.75 4.00 1.60 10.00 3.10 24.00 6.75 12.00 1.50 6.00 1.30 1.60 .95 2.00 .98 3.00 .85 .59 And so on through a list of thousands of books, all described in my illustrated Bargain List of this stock. Standard Library Sets In Rich Half Morocco Bindingsm The sots in the following list are made in rich half morocco bindings.gold stamping and gold tops. Rich and rare illustrations. They were designed to sell at high prices to the wealthy and cultured classes who want fine private libraries. At my prices anyone can afford some of these rich sets. Reg.Price MyPrice Reg.Price MyPrice Reg.Price MyPrice Dickens, 15 vols. . . $45.00 $14.70 Eliot. 7 vols. . . . $21.00 $6.86 Scott, 12 vols. . . . 36.00 11.76 De Foe, 16 vols. . . 48.00 16.68 Irving, 10 vols. . . . 30.00 9.80 Reade, 12 vols. . . 36.00 11.76 Thackeray, 15 vols. . . 45.00 14.70 Bulwer-Lytton, 15 vols. . 37.60 14.25 Balzac, 18 vols. . . 54.00 17.64 Cooper, 12 vols. . . 36.00 11.76 Buskin, 15 vols. . . 45.00 14.70 Bronte, 6 vols. . . 18.00 6.88 Tolstoi, 12 vols. . . 36.00 11.76 Guizot, 8 vols. . . 24.00 7.84 Oarlyle, 10 vols. . . 30.00 9.80 Macsulay, 6 vols. . . 15.00 4.90 Poe, 11 vols. . . . 33.00 10.78 Gibbon, 6 vols. . . 15.00 4.90 Fielding. 12 vols. . . 36.00 11.76 Prescott, 12 vols. . . 36.00 11.76 Smollett, 12 vols. . . 36.00 11.76 Austen, 6 vols. . . . 12.00 6.10 Hawthorne, 8 vols. . . 24.00 7.84 Green, 4 vols. . 8.00 3.80 Dumas, 10 vols. . . 30.00 9.80 Josephus, 3 vols. . . 6.00 2.85 Hugo, 8 vols. . . . 24.00 7.84 Rawlinson, 3 vols. . . 6.00 2.85. Also the works of Roosevelt, Lincoln, H. Clay. Franklin, Hamilton, DeMusset, Lamb, Merrimee, Pardoe, Rousseau, Richardson, Whitman, Warner Library. Oriental Tales, Irish Literature, Sue, McCarthy, Emerson, Motley, Plutarch, Darwin, Spencer, Haeckel, Kipling, Parkman, Taine and many others in rich binding and similar prices. Library of Ancient and Mod ern Literature, 20 vols Writings of Thomas Jef ferson, 10 vols. . • Les Miserables. 5 vols. . Library of Natural History. 6 vols. History of United States, 6 vols. Boswell's Life of Johnson 4 vols. Goethe. 10 vols. Half Calf $76.00 J19.60 '.' 68.00 18.50 ' 60.00 22.00 10.00 4.25 ' 31.00 16.60 ' 24.00 8.25 ' 8.00 3.40 35.00 11.75 ^J|g>J£oygaif§ *P the books_of MarkJTwain, James Whitcomb Riley, Wilt Carlton, C. C. Coffin, Paul Laurence Dunbar, E. P. Roe, Ella Wheeler Wilcox and hundreds of others. BIG BARGAINS in hundreds of books on Sociology, Political Economy and economics. BIG BARGAINS in hundreds of books on Science, Law, Mechanics, Domestic Science, Art, Music, Medicine, etc. BIG BARGAINS in thousands of fine Library Books, Gift Books for young and old, books for Boys, books for Girls, etc. STOCK LIMITED. These bargains are limited to the stock I now have. I do not know that I will ever secure such bargains again, and cannot undertake to fill orders longer than this stock lasts. Get my big, free illustrated bargain list before ordering any of the above books. Sign the coupon or send a postal today. David B.CIarkson,The Book Broker, 1207 Bosch Bldg., Chicago David B. Clarksofi, isoy Bosch Building, Chicago. Mail me, without obligation to me,your free illustrated Bargain List of your bankrupt book bargains. Name__ Street No. Town_ .State. 24a [pgbrk] McClure's—The Marketplace of the World Some of Our Best New Books Washington The City and the Seat of Government By C. H. Forbes-Lindsay. The history and description of the city and how the government machinery works. With 25 photogravures. Latest of the famous PHOTOGRAVURE BOOKS,—60 others. 8vo, $3.00. Historic Houses And Their Gardens Introduction by Frank Miles Day. A sumptuous volume of the world's great show nlaces each described by a writer "to the manor born "' Latest of the HOUSE AND GARDEN ILLUSTRATED BOOKS. Size, 9 x 12 ins. 300 pictures. $6.00. The Story-Life of Lincoln By Wayne Whipple. The life of Lincoln told in 500 stories by himself and his friends. A complete connected biography from over 100 authorities. Commended by eminent men and Lincoln students. With 150 illustrations. $1.75. Famous Old Receipts By Mrs. W. Hinckle Smith. A second authorized edition of this copyrighted book, which has been out of print and sold at sensational prices. Contains the 800 choicest recipes of famous families, here published exclusively. $2.00 net. The International Encyclopedia of Prose and Poetical Quotations By William S. Walsh. Is destined to supplant all other works on the sub-ject because it is newer, more complete, more systematically arranged and is sold at a reasonable price. Over 1,300 authors quoted. Complete indexes. Cloth, $3.00. Thin paper, in leather, $5.00. Hurlbut's Handy Bible Encyclopedia " Typographically it is a thing of beauty. The alphabetical arrangement of the entire subject-matter is especially to be commended. Nearly everything the general Bible student needs for study or practice work can be found within the compass of this compact and handy work."—George Edward Reed, Pres. Dickinson College. Cloth, $1.50. Thin paper, in leather, $3.00. Plutarch's Lives With Introduction by Hamilton W. Mabie. » A New Edition from new type. Clough's revised text, the recognized best version of this celebrated and most interesting work. Four volumes, cloth, $4.00. Half calf, $6.00. The Newest Books for Boys and Girls The Arizona Series By Edward S. Ellis. In this popular author's best style. Comprising 3 volumes : Off the Reservation. Trailing Geronimo. The Round-Up. Each, illustrated, $1.00. The set, in box, $3.00. Every Child's Library Edited by Rev. Dr. Jesse L. Hurlbut. Interesting, educative, wholesome books, in language that every child can read. 6 volumes ready : Lives of Our Presidents. The Story of Jesus. Great Americans. Leatherstocking Tales. Children of All Nations. Our Naval Heroes. i2mo, illustrated, per volume, 75 cents. Three Little Women A new book for girls by Gabrielle E. Jackson. Illustrated, $1.00. On sale everywhere or will be sent on approval to responsible persons. THE JOHN C WINSTON CO., Publishers, Philadelphia, Pa. 24b [pgbrk] McClure's—The Marketplace of the World From a Publisher's Note Book (Memoranda of suggestions for advertising the American Magazine) A Magazine unscared by panic or prosperity from reporting the needed facts or making the righteous interpretation. N. B.—Quote Philadelphia Ledger about staff: "These men and women have had a large part in the creation and stimulation of the awakened conscience of the nation.'' Stop! Look! Listen! Three great series: Miss Tar-bell on the American Woman (beginning early number). William Allen White on the New Period of Reconstruction (beginning January number). Ray Stannard Baker on The Spiritual Unrest (beginning in December number). Laugh and Grow Wise by reading "Mr. Dooley's" witty comments on the Rockefeller autobiography in the December number. Only one New Writer has Appeared in the last year who has really touched people's hearts David Grayson—modest, humorous, genuine David Grayson. His stories appear only in the American Magazine. A new one in December. Back to Your Own Boyhood. Applied to Stewart White's unique boy stories. They begin in December with ' 'Until the Last Shot.'' In the Interpreter's House is the most important serial now running in any magazine. Fresh and complete chapters every month. Begin by reading the December number. Only three Magazines now ahead of us in circulation, and we are walking up on them. Since October 1st three times as many subscriptions received as last year. Happiness at the Old Price. Still ten cents and as good as any. Many people say it is the best at any price. Christmas Number now selling on 18,000 news-stands. Delivered for twelve months anywhere in this country on the very day of publication in New York for $1.00. ^The December i American i Magazine The Phillips Publishing Co., 341 5th Ave., New York 24c [pgbrk] McClure's—The Marketplace of the World The ONLY COMPLETE edition ever published In English. New translations by William F. Fleming. This version contains the celebrated Tobias Smollett notes taken from the famous 18th century translation, specially edited and revised for this work. It also contains a masterly critique and biography of Voltaire by Kt. Hoa. John Morley, M. P.____ WONDERFUL Two-Thirds-off-Regnlar-Price Offer In order to allow bookbuyers and lovers of rare editions the opportunity to secure one of the sets from this printing before going into the market through regular channels, we have set aside 100 sets which will go to those who write at once—not at 1172.00—but at $60.00—two-thirds off regular—and in small monthly payments. VOLTAIRE holds the first place in the front rank of the strongest and brightest writers of the world. He was the greatest literary genius of the age, a master of language and his historical writings effected a revolution. VOLTAIRE stands apart as an entertainer from others such as Balzac, Hugo, and his country's novelists and poets. His delicious humor and mordant sarcasm amuse, but also inspire there is a moral purpose in every play of his merry fancy. His histories are as readable as his best novels. VOLTAIRE inspired the forces that accomplished the beneficent results of the American Revolution and directly contributed to the independence of our country. VOLTAIRE is emphatically the most readable, pithy, sparkling, learued, versatile and entertaining writer that ever consecrated so splendid an armory of intellectual weapons to the unselfish, practical, lifelong service of humanity in trouble of mind, body or state. ST. LOUIS GLOBE DEMOCRAT.—"// is a great collection and no Library will be complete without it. CHICAGO RECORD-HERALD.—" This edition is a feast for the student and a universe of charmfor the casual reader." BOSTON GLOBE.—"ft would seem as if no quarter of the globe would be more likely to receive with popular acclaim the splendid edition of Voltaire just published^ than liberty-loving A merica. 43 DE LUXE VOLUMES Size of each and% xilA Inches. Weight oi set 125 lbs. 13034 Pages Over 160 Illustrations 45 Hand Colored. Complete Set only 10 Cents per day. The text is printed from a new type, elegant and clear, on specially made antique finish paper. Many of the illustrations are celebrated in the realm of art as rare examples of the most exquisite and piquant old French designs, special to the text, forming in themselves a gallery of famous historic characters. Each ¦volume has a frontispiece by world-famed masters. The sets are handsomely bound in Red English Buckram. 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It is well printed and substantially bound. It is the most thorough exposition of human history and institutions as seen from the standpoint of the Catholic Church. It is the only form in which a complete and comprehensive presentation of this great institution, now nearly two thousand years old, could be clearly set forth. It represents a mass of learning and research and knowled ge car efully selected and edited that has no parallel in dealing with a single great institution, As a masterly presentation of the facts in regard to a very influential force in modern history, it is an essential work for any man who wishes to be well informed. MILLION DOLLAR MARK PASSED! Unprecedented Record oi American Book - Making. More than $1,000,000 Advance Sales of THE CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA - r«_ w, „ brochure Thirty-Two Broad Departments oi Specinien Pages Art, Philosophy, Science, Apologetics, Biography, Church History, Education, Liturgy, Arch- /I Illustrations. 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